The changing nature of conflict and the increase in intrastate conflict during the 1990s, followed by its slow decline since the turn of the century, have led to changing priorities in the field of conflict resolution. No longer is the international community solely concerned with resolving existing conflicts; it also is managing emerging conflicts to ensure that they do not fl are into violent conflict. This groundbreaking volume argues that one of the best tools a nation has at its disposal for managing conflict and poverty is its parliament. Parliament is a pivotal institution through which to address the divergent interests of multiple groups because of the very nature of the parliamentary process and parliament’s ability to build relationships among its members and within the broader community. Despite the constraints faced by parliaments in conflict-affected countries, these institutions continue to play a leadership role in their communities and have the potential to strengthen peacebuilding endeavors.