This document is a written version of the eighth meeting of a series of dialogues organized by the Arab Thought Forum. The episode was organized in Gaza city on August 19, 1998, with Hamas leaders: Sheikh Ahmad Yaseen, Dr. Mahmoud Al- Zahhar, Ismail Haneyeh and Ismail Abu Shanab. In this meeting they discussed the following issues: 1. The opposition between political groups and parliamentary structures. 2. The need and ways for institutionalizing the Palestinian political system. 3. How the opposition can play a positive role. 4. The role of the “Islamic Opposition,” in particular Hamas, in the process of national construction during the current stage.