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The document analyses the political and security cooperation in Central Africa. More than a decade ago, the African Union (AU) tasked the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) to give life to its peace and security architecture. ECCAS member states signed relevant treaties and protocols, but the multinational body has struggled to shape and implement a regional policy. To ensure this conflict prone region moves toward greater political integration, Central African states need to reinvigorate ECCAS, reform it and decide on clear security priorities. Foreign partners should coordinate their support to the organisation in line with its needs, absorption capacity and objectives. The document formulates a set of recommendations directed at Member States, the ECCAS Secretariat, and Foreign Partners, in particular the EU, France and the U.S - to reinforce political commitment and to reform ECCAS.