This publication which is intended for parliamentarians and parliamentary staff is a compilation of presentations made at the second African Poverty Reduction Network forum held in Dakar, Senegal in 2009. The presentations cover five themes which include the following: 1. Effective Parliamentary Involvement in the Budget Process - Key to Pro-Poor Budgeting, 2. Pro-Poor Policies and Budgeting: The role of parliament, 3. Parliament and the role of domestic resource mobilization aimed at poverty reduction, 4. Parliament and the role of monitoring and evaluating in the budget process, 5. Engendering collaboration between parliament and civil society organizations at the national and local levels.